Urticaria Vasculitis is a non life threatening disease which presents as large patches of red itchy skin; However it is often symptomatic of a potentially serious underlying medical problem. Rashes which occur as a result of urticaria vasculitis tend to be widespread, and develop over large portions of the body, such as the chest and back. While urticaria vasculitis is typically harmless, it is often indicative of some underlying illness, such as pulmonary failure, renal failure or lupus.
There are two subsets of urticaria vasculitis: normocomplementemic urticaria vasculitis and hypocomplementemic urticaria vasculitis. While both subsets of urticaria vasculitis tend to be quite similar in symptomology, hypocomplementemic urticaria vasculitis is most often associated with individuals who may also be suffering from an underlying ailment, which may eventually lead to serious complications. Individuals who are suffering from lupus, typically develop hypocomplementemic urticaria vasculitis.
While the primary symptom of urticaria vasculitis is the development of large, painful and inflamed rashes, additional symptoms may include intense aches and pains which seem to radiate from the joints, chest pain, abdominal pain and high fever. Additional symptoms which may appear to stem from urticaria vasculitis may, in fact, be attributed to an unknown underlying medical issue, which may have contributed to the development of urticaria vasculitis.
While urticaria vasculitis tends to occur in individuals who already have an underlying medical condition, it has also been found to occur in individuals who have recently taken certain medications, such as NSAIDs, penicillin and sulfonamides. Flareups of uticaria vasculitis occurs due to hypersensitivity in the blood cells, which causes increased inflammation, resulting in a painful, raised rash. An individual may report feeling a burning sensation, and the rash may migrate to other areas of the body and cause severe underlying joint pain, before gradually disappearing. While flare ups of urticaria vasculitis may wax and wane, this condition tends to resolve within two to three years. Diagnosis is crucial, in order to begin an effective treatment to alleviate the painful symptoms that appear with urticaria vasculitis.
Diagnosis of urticaria vasculitis is done by physcial examination, as well as by taking a patient’s medical history, performing blood tests and conducting a biopsy of the affected skin. Once uticaria vasculitis has been diagnosed, a physician may further examine the patient, preforming a multitude of tests to rule out any underlying medical condition which may have prompted the development of urticaria vasculitis. For individuals who are suffering from intense inflammation due to urticaria vasculitis, a physicial will typically prescribe anti inflammatory drugs, or creams to bring bothersome symptoms under control. While most patients respond well to less intensive treatments, others may require a more aggressive approach. For those individuals, immunosuppressive drugs can be prescribed in order to bring urticaria vasculitis under control.
Urticaria vasculitis typically occurs more often in females, as well as middle aged adults. Though urticaria vasculitis is typically harmless, there have been extremely rare cases of fatalities. This condition can be quite bothersome, however, with appropriate diagnosis and effective treatment, it is often resolved in a relatively short period of time.